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Master Advanced Planning and Scheduling for Your Manufacturing Business

Naama Aharoni  |  September 18, 2023

How to optimize your efficiency and reduce your production costs with APS.

The current global economic environment is an ever-evolving landscape, a complex nexus of supply and demand where businesses have to adapt rapidly to maintain their competitive edge. Due to resource constraints and market competition, the situation becomes even more critical for small and medium-sized business (SMB) manufacturers.

Through an in-depth exploration of APS software features and functionalities, this blog post gives SMB manufacturers the knowledge they need to leverage this tool effectively.


Advanced Planning and Scheduling software (APS) is like the master strategists of the manufacturing world. They are software systems that tackle the intricate task of orchestrating the many moving parts of a manufacturing process.

Let's take a simple example to illustrate what APS does:

Imagine you're trying to organize a large meal. Traditional methods might have you manually determining what ingredients you need, figuring out when to cook each dish to have it ready at the right time, and ensuring you have enough kitchen staff on hand. That's what a Material Requirement Planning (MRP) system does—it mainly deals with materials management.

However, traditional planning and production scheduling methodologies often fall short in today's volatile and complex manufacturing environment. They typically rely on static models that do not account for real-time changes in demand or supply conditions. Moreover, they may not adequately consider constraints such as machine capacities, labor availability, and material requirements. These shortcomings can lead to suboptimal plans and schedules, resulting in production delays, stockouts, or excess inventory.

Now, APS software is like having a professional event planner who handles all that and more. This 'event planner' doesn't just look at what ingredients (materials) you need; it considers the entire process: the availability of cooks (labor), oven and stovetop space (machinery), when each dish needs to be ready (delivery schedules), and much more.

APS software achieves this through a mix of sophisticated techniques such as linear programming (mathematical models for optimization), artificial intelligence (self-learning systems), and heuristic methods (problem-solving rules of thumb). This allows them to tackle complex production scheduling and planning issues while accounting for numerous constraints.

In essence, advanced planning and scheduling tools give SMB manufacturers a powerful lever to pull, enabling them to optimize efficiency, flexibly adapt to changes, and respond swiftly to real-time developments.


ERP systems are the backbone of a manufacturer's operations, integrating various organizational functions and processes. They provide a centralized database, ensuring consistency of information and facilitating inter-departmental coordination. However, ERP systems are primarily transactional in nature, focusing on the execution of routine tasks such as order processing, inventory management, and financial accounting.

While ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) systems excel at managing transactions and resources, they often lack the sophisticated production planning and scheduling capabilities necessary for modern manufacturing operations. This is where APS solutions come in.

Integrating an Advanced Planning and Scheduling solution with an ERP for the manufacturing industry forms a potent combination for manufacturers, particularly SMBs looking to optimize their operations and gain a competitive edge. The synergistic relationship between these systems allows for enhanced production planning capabilities, improved visibility, and significant cost reduction.


Here are some examples of what APS tools can do:

It's like having a detailed game plan for every minute of the production process. The APS tool factors in resource capacity availability, labor skills, and material requirements to determine when and where each step of production should happen.

This feature gives manufacturers a bird's eye view of their resource capacity, highlighting potential bottlenecks before they become problematic. It's like knowing exactly how many dishes your kitchen can handle before it becomes overcrowded.

APS planning provides the ability to simulate different scenarios and evaluate their implications. This feature is crucial for strategic decision-making, allowing manufacturers to prepare for various contingencies and choose the best course of action. For instance, what if a vital machine breaks down? Or what if there's a sudden surge in demand?

Advanced Planning and Scheduling systems can adjust plans and schedules in real time based on changes in demand, supply, or production conditions. This feature ensures that plans remain optimal amidst changing conditions, enhancing agility and responsiveness.

APS provides real-time visibility into the production planning and scheduling process. They can track the status of each operation, machine, and material, giving manufacturers a clear picture of their operations and facilitating timely interventions.

An APS tool is a team player—it can work seamlessly with other systems, such as ERP and Manufacturing Execution Systems (MES), facilitating smooth data sharing and collaboration.

Modern APS systems are designed to scale with the business. They offer flexibility in terms of features and capacities, allowing SMB manufacturers to start small and add more complex functionalities as their operations grow.

APS offers a suite of powerful features that can greatly enhance the operations of SMB manufacturers. By adopting APS in Manufacturing ERP, manufacturers can transform their planning process, making it more dynamic, accurate, and responsive.


  1. Reduction in Inventory Costs: APS helps optimize inventory levels by aligning production with demand forecasts. The financial impact here can be measured by comparing inventory carrying costs before and after the implementation of APS. Reduced carrying costs signify less capital tied up in inventory, lowering the overall cost of goods sold.
  2. Increased Throughput: It enhances productivity by optimizing resource allocation and reducing downtime. To measure this impact, manufacturers can compare the volume of goods produced per unit of time before and after APS implementation. An increase in throughput signifies higher revenues without a corresponding increase in fixed costs.
  3. Reduction in Labor Costs: APS software can minimize overtime costs and enhance labor productivity by generating optimal production schedules. The financial impact can be quantified by comparing labor costs per output unit before and after APS implementation.
  4. Reduction in Material Waste: Advanced planning and scheduling systems enable precision in planning, reducing the risk of overproduction and waste. Savings can be measured by comparing the costs of wasted materials before and after the implementation of APS.
  5. Improved Customer Satisfaction: By ensuring timely delivery and reducing the risk of stockouts, APS can enhance customer satisfaction, leading to repeat business and increased sales. While this impact can be harder to quantify, it can be inferred from metrics like customer retention rate and Net Promoter Score (NPS).
  6. Mitigation of Risk: APS helps manufacturers prepare for various contingencies, reducing the risk of production disruptions. The financial impact can be measured by the costs associated with disruptions (e.g., rush orders, expedited shipping) that are avoided due to the use of APS.


Integrating an Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS) system into a Small and Medium-sized Business (SMB) manufacturer's existing operations can pose some challenges. However, these obstacles are surmountable, and APS's benefits make tackling these issues worthwhile.

  1. Data Accuracy: The effectiveness of an APS is directly tied to the quality of the data it works with. Incorrect or incomplete data can lead to inaccurate planning and scheduling. To overcome this challenge, businesses must ensure data integrity by establishing robust data validation procedures, improving data collection methods, and providing adequate training to staff responsible for data entry and management.
  2. Employee Resistance: Change can be met with resistance, especially when it affects daily routines or job roles. To tackle this, it's crucial to communicate the benefits of APS clearly to all staff and involve them in the integration process. Training sessions and workshops can help employees become comfortable with the new system and understand how it benefits them and the organization.
  3. Technical Compatibility: Not all APS systems are compatible with every Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system or manufacturing execution system. Before integrating an APS, ensure it is compatible with your existing systems or be prepared for potential customizations or workarounds.
  4. System Complexity: APS systems can be complex to operate due to their advanced algorithms and detailed planning capabilities. Providing comprehensive training and having dedicated staff or consultants on hand to help with the initial setup and ongoing operation can help overcome this challenge.
  5. Cost: APS systems can be a significant investment. SMB manufacturers should conduct a detailed cost-benefit analysis before committing to an APS system, taking into account not only the upfront costs but also the potential savings and increased revenues from improved efficiency.
  6. Scalability: Some APS systems may not be scalable, limiting their usefulness as the company grows. Ensure the chosen APS can accommodate future growth to avoid the need for another system change down the line.
  7. Vendor Support: Adequate support from the APS vendor is crucial, especially during the initial stages of integration. Choose a vendor who offers comprehensive support, training, and post-implementation services.


Choosing the right Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS) system is crucial for Small and Medium-sized Business (SMB) manufacturers. The chosen system should align with the company's needs, budget, and future growth plans.

Before selecting an APS software, it is crucial to understand your business needs. Identify the areas where improvements are needed and the goals you wish to achieve with APS. This will help you narrow down the features and capabilities that your APS system should have.

Your APS system should be able to grow with your business. It should offer the flexibility to accommodate increased demand, additional resources, and new products or processes. A scalable APS tool will ensure a return on investment even as your business evolves.

The APS system should seamlessly integrate with your existing Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) system and other software you use. This ensures smooth data flow and collaboration between different departments and stages of the manufacturing process.

A user-friendly advanced scheduling and planning will reduce the learning curve for your employees and improve adoption rates. Look for intuitive interfaces, clear visualizations, and accessible customer support.

Research the reputation of the APS vendor. Look for customer testimonials and case studies to understand the experiences of other businesses similar to yours. The vendor should have a proven track record of successful APS implementations and high customer satisfaction rates.

While cost should not be the only deciding factor, it is an important consideration. Conduct a thorough cost-benefit analysis, considering the upfront and ongoing costs, such as maintenance and support fees. Also, consider the potential return on investment from improved efficiency and reduced costs.

No two businesses are exactly the same. The advanced planning and scheduling system should allow for a certain degree of customization to fit your unique business processes and rules.

Look for vendors that offer robust support services, including training, implementation assistance, and ongoing support. This will ensure a smoother transition and help your business get the most out of the system.


The manufacturing sector continuously evolves, driven by technological advancements and changing market dynamics. Advanced Planning and Scheduling systems, a pivotal component of Manufacturing ERP, are also undergoing significant transformations.

  1. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning: As artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning technologies become more advanced, they will play a growing role in APS. These technologies can enhance forecasting accuracy, enable real-time adjustments, and allow for more sophisticated optimization algorithms. Moreover, machine learning can help APS software learn from past data and continuously improve their performance.
  2. Cloud-based APS: Cloud-based APS tools offer numerous advantages, including lower upfront costs, scalability, and ease of access from anywhere. As more businesses embrace cloud computing, cloud-based APS will become increasingly popular.
  3. Integration with the Internet of Things (IoT): IoT devices can provide real-time data on various aspects of the manufacturing process, from machine conditions to inventory levels. Integrating APS with IoT can enhance visibility, enable proactive maintenance, and further optimize production schedules.
  4. Greater Customizability: As businesses seek to differentiate themselves in a competitive market, production planning and scheduling that offer greater customizability will be in high demand. These systems will allow businesses to fine-tune their planning and scheduling to align with their unique business models, strategies, and market dynamics.
  5. Enhanced Collaboration: Future APS systems will facilitate greater collaboration within the organization and with external stakeholders like suppliers and customers. This will involve capabilities like shared dashboards, real-time updates, and collaborative planning features.
  6. Sustainability Considerations: As sustainability becomes a more pressing concern, APS systems will increasingly incorporate sustainability considerations. This could involve optimizing resource use, minimizing waste, or planning for sustainable sourcing and logistics.


By optimizing resource allocation, streamlining processes, reducing costs, and enhancing agility, APS enables these businesses to thrive amidst challenges. However, the successful implementation of APS requires careful selection, robust integration strategies, and ongoing commitment.

For more information on the Advanced Planning and Scheduling software, contact us!



BEAS Manufacturing by Boyum IT Solutions is a solution sold by Forgestik and integrated with SAP Business One.